Friday, August 14, 2015
Living Veterans of World War II and Major League Baseball
Every anniversary, the number of living World War II veterans becomes fewer and fewer. An 18-year-old kid who enlisted toward the end would now be 88 years old.
Some of the information in this post comes from the extensive site Baseball in Wartime, run by Gary Bedingfield.
As of today, there are 66 living men who bought fought in World War II and played in Major League Baseball. Here they are, with 5 members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, in bold; and 10 former Yankees, underlined (and 1 player is in both categories):
* Richard "Dick" Adams, born April 8, 1920, from Stockton, California. 1B, 37 games with the 1947 Philadelphia Athletics.
* Robert "Bob" Addis, born November 6, 1925, from Barberton, Ohio. OF, signed by the Yankees but never played for them, playing mostly with the Boston Braves and Chicago Cubs from 1950 to 1953.
* Vic Barnhart, born September 1, 1922, from Hagerstown, Maryland. SS & 3B, played 74 games with the 1944, '45 and '46 Pittsburgh Pirates.
* Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra, born May 12, 1925, from St. Louis. The only veteran of both D-Day and MLB. C & OF, he is the last surviving member along with Bobby Brown (see below) of the 1947 and 1949 World Champion Yankees. Also won World Series in 1950, '51, '52, '53, '56, '58, '61 and '62 -- a record 10 rings. Also coach with World Champion Mets in '69 and Yankees in '77 and '78. Only man to manage both Yankees (1964) & Mets (1973) to Pennants. Is now the earliest living manager of a Pennant winner. Hall of Fame. All-Century Team. Monument Park. Number 8 retired. American Icon -- and that would be true even if he hadn't served. But he did.
UPDATE: Yogi died on September 22, 2015.
* Cornelius "Neil" Berry, born January 11, 1922, from Kalamazoo, Michigan. SS, debuted with Detroit Tigers in 1948. Member of last St. Louis Browns team in 1953 and 1st Baltimore Orioles team in 1954.
* Cloyd Boyer, born September 1, 1927, from Alba, Missouri. Pitched from home-State St. Louis Cardinals 1949 to 1952. Returned to majors with the first edition of the other Missouri team of the era, the 1955 Kansas City Athletics. Brother of All-Star 3rd basemen Ken and Clete (a Yankee star).
* Bobby Brown, born October 25, 1924 in Seattle, grew up in San Francisco. 3B, 1947 to 1954 Yankees. Not only a surviving '47 and '49 Yankee with Yogi, but was Yogi's roommate at the time. Also won rings in '50 and '51. Then returned to the service, in the Korean War. Became a cardiologist. President of the American League 1984 to 1994. Should not be confused with the Bobby Brown who helped the Yankees win the 1981 Pennant, a black outfielder.
* Hector Harold "Hal" Brown, born December 11, 1924, from Greensboro, North Carolina. P, 1951 to 1964, mostly with Baltimore, member of Orioles Hall of Fame. Made 2 appearances for Yankees in 1962, not enough to get a ring.
* George Burpo, born June 19, 1922, from Jenkins, Kentucky. Pitched 2 games for Cincinnati Reds in 1946.
* Fred Caliguiri, born October 22, 1918, from West Hickory, Pennsylvania. Pitched 18 games for the 1941 and '42 Philadelphia Athletics.
* Ed Carnett, born October 21, 1916, from Santa Ana, California. OF, played 2 games for the 1941 Boston Braves before going into the service, got his discharge, and played with the 1944 Chicago White Sox and 1945 Cleveland Indians.
* Dick Cole, born May 6, 1926, from Long Beach, California. SS, mostly for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Served again in Korean War.
* Jack Crimian, born February 17, 1926, from Philadelphia. Pitched 74 MLB games, 54 of them for the 1956 Kansas City Athletics.
* Billy DeMars, born August 25, 1925, from Brooklyn. SS, mostly with the Browns. Became a longtime coach, including the hitting instructor for the Phillies in their 1976-83 quasi-dynasty.
* Bobby Doerr, born April 7, 1918, from Los Angeles. 2B for the Red Sox, Number 1 retired. He is currently the oldest living member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
* Bill Endicott, born September 4, 1918, from Acorn, Missouri. LF, played for the Cardinals in their 1946 World Championship season, but was not on the Series roster. He is their oldest living player.
* Carl Erskine, born December 13, 1926, from Anderson, Indiana. P, spent his entire career with the Dodgers, from 1948 in Brooklyn to 1959 in Los Angeles. Also the last surviving player featured in Roger Kahn's book The Boys of Summer.
(Don Newcombe is also still alive, but was not featured in that book -- mainly because it focused on players that Kahn covered as the Dodger beat writer for the New York Herald Tribune during the 1952 and 1953 seasons. Newk, too young to have served in World War II, missed both of those seasons in their entirety, due to serving in the Army during the Korean War. Whitey Ford of the Yankees, also too young to have served in WWII, missed all of '51 and '52 while serving in Korea, but was discharged in time to pitch in '53.)
* Dave "Boo" Ferriss, born December 4, 1921, from Shaw, Mississippi. P, a rookie with the Red Sox' 1946 Pennant winners. Arm trouble shortened his career, but he became a successful coach at Delta State University in Mississippi.
* Joe Garagiola, born February 12, 1926, from St. Louis. Grew up across the street from Yogi. Also C, won World Series as rookie with 1946 Cardinals, also playing for Pirates and Cubs. Wrapped up career with 1954 Giants, but was not on WS roster. Became one of American's favorite sportscasters, working for Yankees, Cardinals, and for NBC's Game of the Week and postseason broadcasts. Received Ford Frick Award, the broadcasting equivalent of Hall of Fame election. (While he broadcast for the Yankees, he didn't play for them, so his name is not underlined here.)
UPDATE: Garagiola died on March 23, 2016.
* Ned Garver, born December 25, 1925, from Ney, Ohio. P, managed to go 20-12 for a last-place St. Louis Browns team in 1951. Also pitched for the Tigers and A's, finishing up with the expansion 1961 Los Angels Angels. Went 129-157, and would be better-remembered with better support.
* George Genovese, born February 22, 1922, from Staten Island. Appeared in 3 games for the 1950 Washington Senators, as a pinch-hitter and a pinch-runner. Never played the field. Was a SS and a 2B in the minors.
* Johnny Groth, born July 23, 1926, from Chicago. CF, mostly with the Tigers. Played in 157 games in 1950, a record until the 162-game schedule was instituted in 1961. (Players get credit for statistics in games that are called due to rainouts when tied.)
* Chuck Harmon, born April 23, 1924, from Washington, Indiana. 3B, mostly for the Reds and Cardinals.
* Don Hasenmayer, born April 4, 1927, from Roslyn, Pennsylvania. Infielder for the Phillies right after the War, hardly played in the majors.
* Chris Haughey, born October 3, 1925, from Astoria, Queens. His major league debut was on his 18th birthday, the last game of the 1943 season, as a pitcher for his hometown Dodgers. It was also his last major league game. Dodger legend Gil Hodges also made his big-league debut in this game.
* Val Heim, born November 4, 1920, from Plymouth, Wisconsin. LF, was a late callup to the White Sox in 1942, went off to war, and never returned to the majors.
* Johnny Hetki, born May 12, 1922, from Leavenworth, Kansas. P, was in the majors from 1945 to 1954, mostly with the Reds, with a career record of 18-26.
* Lee "Lefty" Howard, born November 11, 1923, from Staten Island. P, made 5 appearances in late-season callups to the Pirates in 1946 and '47.
* Montford "Monte" Irvin, born February 25, 1919 in Haleburg, Alabama, grew up in East Orange, New Jersey. Starred with the Newark Eagles of the Negro Leagues, then with the Giants. Stole home plate on Yogi Berra in the 1951 World Series -- and, unlike Jackie Robinson 4 years later, was unquestionably safe. Led NL in RBIs that year. .293 lifetime MLB average. The last surviving member of the Hall of Fame who was elected due in part to Negro League achievements.
UPDATE: Irvin died on January 11, 2016.
* Ranson "Randy" Jackson, born February 10, 1926, from Little Rock. 3B, a 1954 and '55 All-Star while with the Cubs. Was also with the Dodgers when they moved.
* Howie Judson, born February 16, 1926, from Hebron, Illinois. P, went 1-14 for the 1949 White Sox, and was unotherwise unremarkable.
* Robert Leroy "Bob" Kuzava, born May 28, 1923, from the Detroit suburb of Wyandotte, Michigan. P, pitched in the majors on and off from 1946 to 1957. Was stuck in the Indians' minor-league system during their 1948 title run. Made up for it after being traded first to the Senators, then to the Yankees. The Yanks gave up 3 pitchers for him: Tom Ferrick, Bob Porterfield and Fred Sanford (not the Sanford & Son character). In nearly 4 full seasons as a Yankee, went 23-20 with a 3.39 ERA and 13 saves. Closed out the clinching games of the 1951 and 1952 World Series, and also won a ring in 1953.
* Omar "Turk" Lown, born May 30, 1924, from Brooklyn. P, aside from 11 games with the 1958 Reds, spent his entire career in Chicago, first with the Cubs, then on the South Side, including with the Pennant-winning 1959 "Go-Go White Sox," going 9-2 with 15 saves -- believe it or not, that was enough to lead the league at the time.
UPDATE: Lown died on July 8, 2016.
Harry MacPherson, born July 10, 1926, from Johnson, Massachusetts. P, was one of several teenagers briefly brought up to his hometown team to fill out the roster during The War, in his case the Boston Braves, pitching all of 1 inning on August 14, 1944. Went into the service the next year anyway, and never returned to the majors, washing out in the minors in 1951.
Dick Manville, born December 25, 1926, from Des Moines, Iowa. P, he got degrees from Harvard and Yale, but his big-league experience consisted of 1 game for the 1950 Braves and 11 for the 1952 Cubs.
John "Windy" McCall, born July 18, 1925, from San Francisco. P, had cups of coffee with the ill-fated Red Sox of 1948 and '49, and the Pirates of '50. Pitched 33 games for the Giants in 1954, but didn't make the World Series roster. Remained with the Giants through 1957, their last season in New York. Supposedly, Ted Williams gave him the nickname Windy because he talked too much.
Sabath "Sam" Mele, born January 21, 1922, from Astoria, Queens. RF, he was the nephew of major leaguers Tony and Al Cuccinello. His nickname came from his initials, S.M. Played baseball and basketball at NYU, at a time when sports, particularly basketball, still meant something there. Batted .302 as a rookie for the 1947 Red Sox. Like Doerr, Ferris and McCall, he played on the star-crossed 1948 Red Sox, but was traded to the Senators before their shocking 1949 ending. Led the AL with 36 doubles in 1951, and topped out with 94 RBIs that season, reaching his home run peak the next year with 16. Also played for the White Sox, Reds, Orioles and Indians, and made a return to Boston. Returned to the "old Senators" as a scout, then a coach, and was with them when they moved to become the Minnesota Twins in 1961. In 1965, led the Twins to their 1st Pennant. Was fired in 1967, and has never managed again. Returned to the Red Sox as a scout. Is now the oldest living manager of a Pennant winner.
Ed Mickelson, born September 9, 1926, from Ottawa, Illinois. Despite getting 1,374 hits in minor league play, his major league career was fleeting, with brief callups with the 1950 Cardinals, 1953 Browns and 1957 Cubs.
Larry Miggins, born August 20, 1925, from The Bronx. OF, had end-of-season callups with the Cardinals in 1948 and 1952.
Robert J. "Bob" Miller, born June 16, 1926, from Detroit. P, went 42-42 over 10 season with the Phillies, including pitching in the 1950 World Series for the "Whiz Kids." Later served as the head coach at the University of Detroit Mercy. His sons Pat and Bob also became baseball coaches. Should not be confused with the 2 Bob Millers who not only both played for the 1962 Mets, but even roomed together, and, whenever the phone would ring, would answer, "Hello, Bob Miller here."
Fenton Mole, born June 14, 1925, from San Leandro, California. 1B, had a cup of coffee with the Yankees in 1949, playing 10 games, and didn't make it onto the World Series roster.
Alex Monchak, born March 5, 1917, from Bayonne, New Jersey. SS, played 19 games for the Phillies in 1940, went off to war, and never returned to the majors, yet from 1949 to 1957 built a tidy little career for himself as a player-manager in the low minors. winning 4 Pennants. Was a coach with Chuck Tanner as he managed the White Sox, A's, Pirates and Braves, including the 1979 World Championship. He is now the oldest living ex-Phillie, and is believed to be the 3rd-oldest ex-player.
UPDATE: As was said in the comments, Monchak was the first of these players to go. He died on September 12, 2015. This makes Carl Miles the 3rd-oldest ex-player, and the oldest ex-Philadelphia player, albeit for the A's (pitched 2 games in 1940). It's not clear whether he served: He missed the entire 1943 season after pitching in the minors since 1940, but pitched in just 19 games in 1942, then missed all of 1943, then in just 5 minor-league games in 1944, and never pitching again. This suggests more that he was injured (and thus may have been classified 4-F, excusing him from serving) than that he missed '43 and '45 due to military service. Wally Westlake (see below) is now the oldest living ex-Phillie.
Bobby Morgan, born June 29, 1926, from Oklahoma City. 3B, starred with the Montreal Royals, had a callup with the Dodgers in 1950, spent '51 back in Montreal, and filled in for Billy Cox with the Dodgers in '52 and '53, appearing in 3 World Series games. Also played with the Phils, Cards and Cubs until 1958.
Steve Nagy, born May 28, 1919, from Franklin, New Jersey -- the one in Sussex County, not the one in Somerset County. P, went to Seton Hall University, made 6 appearances with the 1947 Pirates, and 9 more with the 1950 Senators. Remained in the high minors until 1958, going 121-109, for such esteemed submajor clubs as the Montreal Royals, Indianapolis Indians, Sacramento Solons, San Francisco Seals, Seattle Rainiers and Buffalo Bisons. Probably a victim of the 16-team, 25-man-roster, 400-major-league-job MLB of 1901 to 1960; had he come along 20 years later, debuting at the dawn of the Expansion Era, he probably would have spent a lot more time in the majors. He's the oldest living former Washington baseball player, and the oldest living former player for the franchise now known as the Minnesota Twins.
UPDATE: Steve Nagy died on August 2, 2016.
Irving "Irv" Noren, born November 29, 1924, born in Jamestown, New York but grew up in Pasadena, California. Played all 3 OF positions. A 1954 All-Star, won World Series with the Yankees in 1952, '53 and '56. One of a very few players to win a World Series and a major pro basketball championship, as he played on the 1947 Chicago American Gears, National Basketball League Champions, alongside the great George Mikan. Also played for the Senators, A's, Cards, Cubs and Dodgers between 1950 and 1960. A coach on the Oakland A's 1972, '73 and '74 World Champions.
Len Okrie, born July 16, 1923, from Detroit. C, caught 42 games in the major leagues, all but the last for the Senators, and that 1 for the Red Sox. Was still playing in the minors in 1957.
Harry Perkowski, born September 6, 1922, from Dante, Virginia. P, for the Reds from 1947 to 1954, plus 1955 with the Cubs.
Marv Rackley, born July 25, 1921, from Seneca, South Carolina. LF, made his major league debut with the Dodgers on April 15, 1947, the same day as Jackie Robinson. Along with Ralph Branca (who was 18 on V-J Day and did not serve in World War II), 1 of the last 2 of Jackie's 1947 teammates. Played on the Dodgers' 1947 and 1949 Pennant winners, and in the 1949 World Series. Also briefly played with the Pirates and Reds.
Allen "Al" Richter, born February 7, 1927, from Norfolk, Virginia. SS, was a Red Sock for 5 games in 1951 and 1 more in 1953.
William Edward "Eddie" Robinson, born December 15, 1920, from Paris, Texas. 1B, he is the last surviving member of the last Cleveland Indians team to win the World Series, in 1948. A 4-time All-Star, he had 3 100+ RBI seasons, with the White Sox and A's. Came to the Yankees in the infamous 1953 trade that sent Vic Power to the A's. Helped the Yankees win the 1955 Pennant, although did not win a World Series with them. Closed his career with the 1957 Orioles. He is the oldest living ex-Yankee and the oldest living ex-Detroit Tiger. Later served in the front offices of the Orioles, Houston Astros, A's, Atlanta Braves, Texas Rangers, including 5 seasons (1972-76) as Braves general manager and 5 (1978-82) as Rangers GM. Closed his active baseball career as a scout for the Red Sox, the only 1 of the original 8 AL teams for whom he didn't play.
Ed Samcoff, born September 1, 1924, from Sacramento. 2B, a member of Casey Stengel's 1948 Oakland Oaks that won the Pacific Coast League pennant, went the opposite way from the A's: Oakland to Philadelphia, with no stop in Kansas City in between. Played 4 games for the 1951 A's. Despite a decent PCL record, that was his last pro season.
Mike Sandlock, born October 17, 1915, from Greenwich, Connecticut. C, is believed to be the oldest living ex-MLB player. Played 2 games with the Braves in 1942, went off to war, came back, played 30 games with the Braves in 1944, played 99 games with the Dodgers in 1945 and '46, and then played in the Dodgers' farm system for the St. Paul Saints, Montreal Royals and Hollywood Stars. Former Dodger president Branch Rickey, by 1953 running the Pirates, must have seen something he liked, because he brought Sandlock back up for one more run in the majors, for 64 games with the 1953 Pirates. After playing 1954 with the Pacific Coast League version of the San Diego Padres, he retired at age 39. Approaching his 100th birthday this fall, he is still active with the Baseball Assistance Team (BAT), providing aid to indigent retired ballplayers.
UPDATE: Sandlock made it to his 100th birthday on October 17, 2015, but died on April 4, 2016.
Frank Saucier, born May 28, 1926, from Leslie, Missouri. OF, was Sporting News Minor League Player of the Year with the San Antonio Missions in 1950. Played 18 games with his hometown St. Louis Browns in 1951, going just 1-for-14. Is best remembered for a game in which he barely played: On August 19, 1951, he began he game in right field, and was listed as the Browns' leadoff batter, but never came to bat. Instead, he was removed for a pinch-hitter, the 3-foot-7 midget Eddie Gaedel. His baseball opportunity apparently at an end, re-enlisted, serving in the Korean War.
Harold "Hal" Schacker, born April 6, 1925, from Brooklyn. P, pitched in 6 games with the 1945 Braves. had a 20-win season in the low minors in 1948, but was done by 1950.
UPDATE: Schacker died on October 2, 2015.
Carl Scheib, born January 1, 1927 in Gratz, Pennsylvania, grew up in Philadelphia, where, coincidentally, he attended Simon Gratz High School. P, appeared with his hometown A's before the War, and became a mound mainstay with them after it. Went 14-8 in 1948, and 11-7 in 1952, the A's last 2 good seasons before moving to Oakland, let alone Kansas City. (Between them, Scheib and Bobby Shantz went 35-14 for the '52 A's; the rest of the staff went a combined 44-61. Played all but 3 games of his career with the A's, closing with the 1954 Cardinals. Continued pitching in the Texas League until 1957.
Albert Fred "Red" Schoendienst, born February 3, 1923, from Germantown, Illinois, near St. Louis. 2B, nearly didn't make it in baseball due to an eye injury, which also frustrated the Army into discharging him early, allowing him to debut with the Cardinals in 1945. Led the NL in stolen bases in 1945, doubles in 1950 and hits in 1957. Won World Series with the Cards in 1946 and the Milwaukee Braves in 1957. Survived tuberculosis in 1959 to play another 4 seasons. A 10-time All-Star, returned to St. Louis to close his playing career, closing with a .289 average. A coach on the Cards' 1964 World Champions, he managed them from 1965 to 1976, taking them to back-to-back World Series, winning in 1967 and losing in 1968. Has remained as a coach and now a special instructor. Briefly interim manager in 1980 and 1990. The Cards retired his Number 2 after his election to the Hall of Fame, and dedicated a statue to him outside the current version of Busch Stadium. Is now the earliest living, and oldest living, manager of a National League Pennant winner.
Bobby Shantz, born September 26, 1925, from Pottstown, Pennsylvania. P, though listed at just 5-foot-6 and 139 pounds, was the last of the many great pitchers brought to the Philadelphia Athletics by manager-owner Connie Mack. In 1952, went 24-7 for an A's team that went 79-75. Despite the 4th place finish, he was named AL MVP. Moved with the A's to Kansas City, and in 1957 came to the Yankees in one of the many lopsided trades that led people to think that, as had been the case before the A's moved in, that Kansas City was still a "Yankee farm team." Went 11-5 and led the AL with a 2.45 ERA, helping the Yankees win the Pennant. Won a World Series ring in 1958, but did not appear in the Series. Pitched 3 Series games each in 1957 and 1960. Was traded to the Pirates, then became an original Houston Colt .45 (Astro) in the 1962 expansion draft. Closed his career with another hometown team, with the ill-fated 1964 Phillies, but their epic collapse was hardly his fault: In 14 games, 11 in relief, he had a 2.25 ERA at age 39. A 3-time All-Star, his career record was 119-99. Won Gold Gloves the 1st 8 seasons they were given out, 1957 to 1964. In 2003, was one of several surviving A's players -- others included the aforementioned Carl Scheib, and the now-deceased Eddie Joost and Gus Zernial -- invited to Veterans Stadium, as the Interleague schedule allows the A's to play their 1 game in Philadelphia since 1954. (I was there.) His brother Billy Shantz (1927-1993) was a teammate on both the A's and the Yankees.
Neill Sheridan, born November 20, 1921, from Sacramento. Played 2 games with the Red Sox in 1948, 1 as a pinch-hitter and the other as a pinch-runner, never playing the field in the majors. Was a genuine star in the PCL, with several teams, most notably the San Francisco Seals.
UPDATE: Sheridan died on October 15, 2015.
Charlie Silvera, born October 13, 1924 in San Francisco. C, a Yankee from 1948 to 1956, closing with the Cubs in 1957. Long Yogi's backup, never had more than 148 plate appearances in a season. But, since there had to be a backup catcher on the World Series roster just in case, he won 6 World Series rings, despite only appearing in 1 Series game (Game 2 in 1949). Coached under former teammate Billy Martin in Minnesota, Detroit and Texas, but never on the Yankees.
Bob Spicer, born April 11, 1925, from Richmond, Virginia. P, appeared in 2 games for the A's in 1955 and 2 more in '56, a total of 5 innings, without a decision.
Dick Starr, born March 2, 1921, from Kittanning, Pennsylvania. P, pitched 4 games with the Yankees in 1947, but did not appear on the World Series roster. Pitched 1 more in 1948, then spent the rest of his career with AL bottom-feeders St. Louis and Washington, going 12-24 in 93 appearances.
Chuck Stevens, born July 10, 1918, from Long Beach, California. 1B, played 4 games for the Browns in 1941, went off to war, didn't make it back to the majors until 1946, spent 1947 in the minors, came back to the top in 1948, and that was it in the majors, all with the Browns. Begging the question: If you couldn't stick with the St. Louis Browns, how good could you really have been? Begging the answer: Good enough to reach the major leagues, which is better than most of us will ever be.
Paul Stuffel, born March 22, 1927, from Canton, Ohio. P, pitched 3 games for the Phillies' 1950 Pennant-winning "Whiz Kids," but did not make their World Series roster. Pitched 2 more games in 1952 and 2 more in '53, all for the Phillies.
Willard Wayne Terwilliger (who went by his middle name), born June 27, 1925, from Clare, Michigan. May be the last surviving veteran of both the Battle of Iwo Jima and Major League Baseball. 2B, debuted with the Cubs in 1949, played for both the Dodgers and the Giants before they moved. He is 1 of only 7 surviving men on both rosters, combined, from the Bobby Thomson game on October 3, 1951. (The others are Dodgers Don Newcombe, Ralph Branca, Carl Erskine and Tommy Brown; and Giants Willie Mays and Monte Irvin.) He closed out his career with the A's in 1960. He coached in the Yankees system, and was 3B coach for the Washington Senators when they moved to become the Texas Rangers in 1971-72. He coached on teams managed by Ted Williams and Don Zimmer in Texas, before winning rings as Tom Kelly's 3B coach with the 1987 and 1991 Twins. He returned to the Dallas area to coach the independent league Fort Worth Cats (named for the old Texas League team), and is still involved with them at age 90.
Waldon "Wally" Westlake, born November 8, 1920, from Sacramento. OF, an All-Star for the 1951 Pirates, played for the Indians in the 1954 World Series, and now the oldest living Cincinnati Red.
George Yankowski, born November 19, 1922, from Cambridge, Massachusetts. C, played 6 games for the 1942 A's, then returned to the majors in 1949 for 12 games with the White Sox.
UPDATE: As of August 1, 2015, there are 57 left.
The list of living MLB veterans of WWII could also include Dave Garcia, born September 15, 1920, from East St. Louis, Illinois. He never played in the majors, having played in the minors from 1939 to 1957. He managed the California Angels in the late 1970s and the Indians in the early 1980s.
All told, there were 1,343 men who both played in the major leagues and served in World War II. And, 70 years after the War's end, just 66 of them are still alive -- just under 5 percent.
1 major league player served in the Cuban Army: Pitcher Adrian Zabala. 4 were Canadian: Hank Biasatti and Dick Fowler in the Army, and Joe Krakauskas and Phil Marchildon of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Biasatti was a 1st baseman, the other Canadians were pitchers.
1 man served in the OSS, the Office of Strategic Services, the predecessor to the CIA: Moe Berg, the longtime backup catcher who spoke multiple languages -- a plus when you grew up in Newark, New Jersey in the 1920s, as well as when you served your country in the 1930s and 1940s.
566 served in the U.S. Army, including Hall-of-Famers Luke Appling, Bobby Doerr, Warren Spahn, Red Schoendienst, Monte Irvin, Hoyt Wilhelm and (broadcasters' wing) Joe Garagiola.
466 served in the U.S. Navy, including HOFers Mickey Cochrane, Bill Dickey, Charlie Gehringer, Pee Wee Reese, Phil Rizzuto, Stan Musial, Bob Lemon and Yogi Berra.
180 served in the U.S. Army Air Force -- which wouldn't be separated from the Army as the U.S. Air Force until after the War, in 1947 -- including HOFers Joe DiMaggio, Hank Greenberg and Enos Slaughter.
68 served in the U.S. Marine Corps, including HOFers Ted Williams and Ted Lyons (who, at one point, pitched for a Marine team against a USAAF team and said, "I enlisted to get away from DiMaggio, and, now, here he is!"), and should-be HOFer Gil Hodges. So did a pair of HOF broadcasters, Jack Brickhouse (not surprising, he seemed like a really gruff guy) and Ernie Harwell (very surprising, since he seemed like such a gentle soul).
50 served in the U.S. Coast Guard, the most notable of them being Yankee star (hard to call him a "Yankee Legend" since he doesn't have a Plaque in Monument Park -- maybe he should, given his WWII service and his nickname of "Ol' Reliable") Tommy Henrich.
7 served in the U.S. Merchant Marine, including Yankee slugger Charlie Keller.
There were 2 major leaguers killed in The War. Neither was a star:
Elmer John Gedeon, born April 15, 1917 in Cleveland. An All-American in track and a letterwinner in baseball and football at the University of Michigan. Appeared in 5 major league games, all with the Washington Senators in September 1939, 4 as CF, 1 as RF. Wore Number 34. Had 3 hits in 15 at-bats, for a .200 batting average. Played for the Charlotte Hornets -- not the World Football League team, or either of the NBA franchises that have had the name, but a minor-league baseball team.
Drafted into the Army in 1941. Assigned to the Army Air Force. Crashed in a B-25 training mission in 1942, but survived, and resumed pilot training. Captain Gedeon was shot down in a B-26 over St. Pol, France on April 20, 1944. He had just turned 27. There is no mention of him at Nationals Park in Washington. Nor was there at its predecessors, Robert F. Kennedy Stadium and Griffith Stadium.
Harry Mink O'Neill, born May 8, 1917 in Philadelphia. A graduate of Gettysburg College, where he played baseball, football and basketball. Played 1 inning with the Philadelphia Athletics, also in 1939, on July 23, as a defensive replacement at catcher, wearing Number 30, and never came to bat -- a true "Moonlight Graham."
Enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1942. Survived being shot by a Japanese sniper at the Battle of Saipan. 1st Lieutenant O'Neill was killed in the Battle of Iwo Jima on March 6, 1945. He was not quite 28. There is no mention of him at Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia. Nor was there at its predecessors, Veterans Stadium and Shibe Park/Connie Mack Stadium.
By a macabre coincidence, the only major leaguer believed to have been killed in the Korean War was also born in 1917, and also appeared in the majors only briefly in 1939
Bob Neighbors of Talihina, Oklahoma, the St. Louis Browns and the U.S. Air Force. He played 7 games at shortstop. (Strangely, there is no known record of what uniform number he wore. Baseball-Reference.com doesn't have one. Nor does Jack Looney's fantastic book Now Batting, Number... which charts baseball uniform numbers from the first-ever experiment with them in 1916 right up to 2005, just before the book's publication.)
He enlisted in 1942, and unlike most players, stayed in the service after the War, rising to the rank of Major. Like Gedeon, he flew a B-26. His plane was reported missing in 1952, and his body has never been found. There is no mention of him at the new Busch Stadium, nor was there at its predecessors, Busch Memorial Stadium and Sportsman's Park.