October 12, 1948: The Yankees hire Casey as manager. He had just managed the Oakland Oaks to the Pacific Coast League Pennant, but his previous major league managing jobs, with the Brooklyn Dodgers and Boston Braves, had been busts.
For 12 seasons, he had won 10 American League Pennants and 7 World Series, including a record 5 straight World Championships from 1949 to 1953, another 4 straight Pennants from 1955 to 1958, played a zillion hunches, proved himself a master of the hunch, stood up for his players (most of the time), and alternately delighted and confounded the media with his reworking of the English language, a verbal twisting they labeled "Stengelese." He managed Hall-of-Famers: Joe DiMaggio, Phil Rizzuto, Johnny Mize, Enos Slaughter, Yogi Berra, Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford. He managed Monument Park honorees DiMaggio, Rizzuto, Berra, Mantle, Ford, Allie Reynolds, Billy Martin and, in his final season, Roger Maris.
Some of the players he managed also became managers. Between them, Berra, Martin, Ralph Houk and Hank Bauer won 8 Pennants and 4 World Series.
October 18, 1960: Yankee co-owners Del Webb and Dan Topping, having hired Casey as manager 12 years earlier, fire him.
Webb and Topping called a press conference at which Casey was forced to read a resignation statement. When he was finished, he told the media, "I guess this means they fired me."
Why did they fire him? Because he was 70 years old, and in the past 2 years, he had finished 3rd in 1959 and lost a World Series he should have won in 1960.
The way they handled it, it was cold. It was cruel. It was impersonal. It was unprofessional.
But the actual decision to fire him: Was it right?
Top 5 Reasons You Can't Blame the Yankees for Firing Casey Stengel After the 1960 World Series
5. Connie Mack. Mack owned the Philadelphia Athletics, so he knew he couldn't be fired as manager. But by the time World War II ended, he was 83 years old, and he was clearly senile, calling out the names of players long gone from the A's roster.
By the late 1950s, Casey was falling asleep on the Yankee bench, especially during night games. Yankee brass, remembering Mack's last 5 years in charge -- only a few years earlier -- may have gotten worried that the same fate awaited Casey.
From 1962 to 1965, Casey was the 1st manager of the Mets. They were lousy, but not because of his managing. At age 75, his mind was still sharp. He retired to due physical discomfort, not mental incapacity. Even when he died at 85, his mind wasn't the issue.
4. Whitey Ford. His 1st full season in the major leagues, delayed somewhat by serving in the U.S. Army during the Korean War, was 1953. From that season until 1960, Casey did with Whitey what he did with most of his pitchers: Used him as a starter or a reliever, and, depending on who the upcoming opponent was, moved him forward or back in the rotation. He won 19 games once and 18 in 2 other seasons, but never won 20, the benchmark for a great starting pitcher at the time.
In the 1960 World Series, instead of using his best starter, Whitey, in Games 1, 4 and 7, he held him back for Games 3 and 6. The reason? He didn't want to use a lefthanded pitcher in Pittsburgh's Forbes Field twice. Except Forbes Field had dimensions that were, for all practical purposes, the same as those of the pre-renovation original Yankee Stadium.
Whitey pitched shutouts in Games 3 and 6, and could have done the same if he'd been pitched in Games 1, 4 and 7 instead. But because he'd pitched Game 6, Casey couldn't use him for Game 7 -- a game the Yankees lost 10-9. Had Whitey been on the mound even just for the bottom of the 9th, he might not have given up the walkoff home run to Bill Mazeroski like Ralph Terry did. Casey blew it.
When Ralph Houk became the manager for the next season, he asked Whitey, "How would you like to pitch every 4th day?" As in, no matter what? Whitey told him, "I'd love to!" Over the next 4 seasons, pitching every 4th day, Whitey went 83-25, including 25-4 in 1961 and 24-7 in 1963.
3. Mickey Mantle. When the Mick came up as a 19-year-old rookie in 1951, Casey said that he would be Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio all rolled into one. He wasn't -- but he had the talent to be mentioned alongside those guys with neither exaggeration nor irony.
But Casey never knew how to treat him. Casey was 41 years older than Mickey, and never even tried to understand him. He treated Mickey like he was still a naive 19-year-old hick from Oklahoma even when he was a seasoned 28-year-old veteran of 10 major league seasons and many a night out on New York and many other towns.
In spring training in 1961, Houk hauled Mickey into his office, and said that Mickey was going to be the team leader. (Not the Captain: From Lou Gehrig in 1939 until Thurman Munson in 1976, that title was officially retired.) As such, Houk was expecting Mickey to take more responsibility. Houk, an Army officer in World War II whose nickname was his final rank, "The Major," decided it would be better to treat Mickey like a man.
It didn't work off the field, but on it, Mickey grew up. It worked the other way, too: His teammates always liked him, but now, they respected him, too.
1. It Worked. In his 1st season after taking Casey's place, 1961, Houk guided the Yankees to 109 wins and the World Championship. In 1962, he guided the Yankees to another. In 1963, he won 104 games and won another Pennant, although they lost the World Series. In 1964, with Houk in the front office and Yogi in the dugout, they won another Pennant, but lost the Series in 7 games.
August 8, 1970: Five years after his last game as a manager, and the retirement of his Number 37 by the Mets, and a week after his 80th birthday, the Yankees also retire Number 37 for Casey during their annual Old-Timers Day ceremony. The team was now owned by CBS and operated by Michael Burke, so the old owners no longer had to save face and apologize to him.
July 30, 1976: The Yankees dedicate a Plaque in Casey's memory in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium.